Ramakrishna Math, Baranagar is the place famous for long Spiritual practice by the great Apostles of Sri Ramakrishna Deva and known as the nucleus of Ramakrishna Sangha. Swami Vivekananda and his 14 (fourteen) brother disciples lived here in a dilapidated abandoned garden house from 1886-1892 and started the First Monastery of Ramakrishna Order. The way of their passing those days renouncing the world in every sense, delving deep in meditation amid severe austerity and penance for long five-years (1886-1892), is an inspiration to the mankind. The great ideal for unselfish ‘Love and Service’ to the society as manifested by Sri Ramakrishna, was kindled in this place by these youth disciples. Swami Vivekananda set out for His historical ‘Bharat Parikrama’ in the year 1889 from Baranagar Math



After the passing away of the Master, we underwent a lot of spiritual practices at the Baranagar Math. .... the austerities of that period were enough to dismay super-natural beings not to speak of man''.

--Swami Vivekananda

Baranagar Math is the genesis of the Ramakrishna movement and also of Ramakrishna Math & Ramakrishna Mission. After the Mahasamadhi of Bhagawan Sri Ramakrishna at Cossipore Garden-House on 16th August 1886, the young disciples of the Master, under the leadership of Narendranath (later Swami Vivekananda), practised severe spiritual austerities and assimilated the ideas and ideals of Sri Ramakrishna in a dilapidated house at Baranagar for more than five years, which is known as Baranagar Math - the first monastery of the Ramakrishna Order. The Relics of Sri Ramakrishna preserved in a small container called ‘Atmaramer Kouto’ used to be worshipped here daily by Swami Ramakrishnananda (Sashi Maharaj). It was here that Swami Vivekananda with his brother-disciples took the vows to take ‘sannyasa’ by performing the ritual of 'Viraja Homa (Havan)'. Some senior monks of the Ramakrishna Order said that there has, so far, been no instance of practising such spiritual austerities in a congregation at one place in the spiritual annals of the world.

In the history of Indian renaissance, Swami Vivekananda has always been held high. His birth place Kolkata is regarded as a place of historical importance and has been preserved with due importance and sanctity. Dakshineswar Temple Complex, Cossipore Garden-House, Belur Math, Kannyakumari and some other places of his activities in Europe and America, have already been accepted  as places of historical importance for the people of this country and abroad..

The Spiritual Heritage of ‘Ramakrishna Math, Baranagar’ (125/1, Pramanick Ghat Road, Kolkata - 700036, India - a branch centre of Ramakrishna Math, Belur Math) and its golden history are least known as yet. With the passage of time, possession of the land that housed the old Monastery (1886 – 1892) changed hands and presently a small portion of it has come in possession of the Hqrs. To restore the entire area of the erstwhile Math and rebuild it with appropriate spiritual ambiance are the foremost task lying before us.